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Exceptionally high quality service. Highly recommended. Ebay, Mar. 2014

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View current stock of Kelly's Directories

Trade Directories

BrightonWhat is a Trade Directory? If, like me, you happen to have been born after 1970, then you may not have come across them before. Simply put, they are the old fashioned equivalent of the Telephone Directories and Yellow Pages rolled into one book.

The earliest known directory of London merchants was published in 1677 and is kept in the Guildhall Library in London. However it was not until 1781 that the first national directory was published. It was the industrial revolution and the growth of the British Empire that boosted the publication of directories. Before the second world war the directories were typically split by counties, apart from those for the larger industrial cities. After the second world war they had grown so much in size it was necessary to split the directories into large towns or city volumes, for example, Kelly's Directory of Rochester Chatham, Gillingham , Strood, Rainham and Neighborhood would originally have been part of Kelly's Directory of Kent, Surrey & Sussex. A number of companies published these directories including Pigot, White, Slater and Baines, but from now on we are going to focus on those which are arguably the most famous, the Kelly's Directories.

Sample Title page from Kelly's DirectoryKelly's Directories was established in 1799 and boasted the slogan "The Oldest and Largest Directory Publisher in the World". Frederic Festus Kelly took over the production of the Post Office London Directory in 1835 and by 1845 Kelly had managed to produce provincial directories which eventually covered every town and village of Great Britain . The majority of the directories continued in annual production until the early 1970's, by which time the telephone had become widespread and with it the telephone directory. The format of production of Kelly's trade directory changed little over all this time and now we will have a look at it section by section.

1)   Street Section - this lists the district street by street; and gives the name of the head of the household against each property. (typical page)
2)  Private Residents - this time the directory is sorted by surname and following each name is the address, very similar to our modern day telephone directories but without the phone number. (typical page)
3) Commercial Section - lists all the business in the area alphabetically, this is similar to the Yellow Pages (without the phone numbers) in the UK , with some businesses appearing in bold font or with small advertisements. (typical page)
4) Trade Directory - almost identical to the commercial section above but this time sorted by trade. (typical page)
5) Official Information - gives you information such as the names of your local Member of Parliament, the county, parish and district councillors, or who holds the various offices at the County Council, for example the Planning Officer and so on.
6) Street Plan - this is typically found at the end of the volume and gives a detailed street plan of the area. (typical map)

Margate Street Map

But, like me, you might be wondering why these directories, designed to last for a year and then be thrown away, have become collectable, especially when at first glance they appear full of such dry and out of date information. Well, there appears to be two main reasons why people would like these books now: advert on outer page edges of Kellys Directory
1) Tracing your family history. Although this is not something which interests me, I can see how these books do provide an invaluable source of information. I presume you can narrow your search down to an exact year when a family moved house, or what trade they had. However it does have its limitations; the information published may have been out of date or not updated correctly and the directories only list the head of the household.


Kelly's Directory of Isle of Thanet2) Social History. This is where the trade section and the adverts come into their own. I have never seen a book with so many adverts as these trade directories - the front cover, spine, rear cover and even the textblock edges contain adverts, indeed there are so many adverts that it can be difficult to make out the title of the book! Similarly inside the book the publisher missed no opportunity to place an advert. As soon as you start reading the lists of trades you can see how times have changed. For example in a 1963 directory there are listings for Milk Bars & Milliners. Now I have to admit that I don't have a clue what either of these actually is, so, if you don't know either, I suggest you try a little research which I will have to do!

I suspect there are many other uses for these trade directories, some of which have yet to be discovered and I'm very glad that some of the directories have survived and are helping people around the world to research their local history or trace their ancestors.

Contributed by Adam Parker

For other articles please visit our archives.

A selection of Kelly Directories books in stock

KELLYS WESTERN MAIL DIRECTORY OF CARDIFF 1961
No author listed. No illustrator listed. Stock no. 1706307
Western Mail. 1961. Very good condition with no wrapper. Red cloth with gilt titles and adverts to boards and page edges. Covers dulled and scuffed. Binding sound. Pages browned. [S]
Price: £50.00
KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF HEREFORDSHIRE
No author listed. No illustrator listed. Stock no. 2106664
Kelly's Directories Ltd.. 1929. Almost very good condition with no wrapper. Red cloth, gilt titles. Bumping and wear, with chipping and fraying to cloth on spine and corners. Marks to covers. Some grubby margin marks and foxing. Map is still present, but now detached; loosely inserted. Map is also badly torn and creased. [S]
Price: £60.00
KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF HEREFORDSHIRE 1885
No author listed. No illustrator listed. Stock no. 2106663
Kelly's Directories Ltd.. 1885. Almost very good condition with no wrapper. Red cloth, gilt titles. Fold-out map to front. Many pages of adverts. Bumping and wear to spine and corners. Marks to covers. Bottom corner of front cover and edge: cloth is starting to come away a little. Some foxing throughout. Fold-out map has large tear across one fold, with other mis-folds, but still present. [S]
Price: £140.00
KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF HEREFORDSHIRE 1937
No author listed. No illustrator listed. Stock no. 2106662
Kelly's Directories Ltd.. 1937. Almost very good condition with no wrapper. Red cloth covers. Fold-out map. Bumping and wear to spine and corners. A few marks to covers. Chipping to base of spine. Joints are a bit cracked. Fold-out map is badly creased with large tear, but still present. Grubby marks/browning to page edges. [S]
Price: £48.00
KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF CORNWALL
No author listed. No illustrator listed. Stock no. 823459
Kelly's Directories Ltd.. 1930. Very good condition with no wrapper. Red cloth, gilt titles. Large folding colour map. Map present but detached. 2 pages have tears repaired with clear tape. Spine faded. Contents clean and bright. [S]
Price: £135.00
KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF BEXHILL
No author listed. No illustrator listed. Stock no. 810489
Kelly's Directories Ltd.. 1962. Very good condition. Brown card wraps, green titles. [S]
Price: £40.00


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